How to write a resolution?
As a rule, delegates discuss the positions of their countries and then compose an important document – a resolution. It contains proposed decisions on the agenda of the Committee.
Who writes the resolution?
Any delegate may take part in writing a working paper (a project of future Resolution). In order to get a required minimum of authors, participants form coalitions.
The resolution contains decisions on issues related to the agenda, general provisions or incentives for action. After its submission to the Chair, each working paper shall be presented and voted on. The working paper which got the majority of votes later becomes a draft Resolution.
What does the Resolution consist of?
The Resolution contains three parts:
The header, which includes:
- name of the Committee;
- list of authors (for working papers only);
- the agenda.
It is some kind of an introduction to the Resolution. It may include:
- references to the UN resolutions, agreements and conventions related to the issue under discussion;
- list of steps taken at regional and national levels by governments and non-governmental organizations;
- references to articles of the UN Charter and other acts of international law;
- statements by the UN Secretary-General or UN bodies/agencies;
- general information or facts on the agenda item.
The preambulatory clauses are separated by a comma.
Operative part of the Resolution
This part of the resolution contains specific steps proposed by the authors of the Resolution to tackle the issue on the agenda. Items must be arranged in a logical sequence and be numbered. Items are separated from each other by a semicolon. At the end of the last one a full stop is placed.
What are amendments?
After discussion and approval of the main ideas, the work on writing the Resolution is not over yet. Any delegate may propose to amend the draft. This means they may suggest to add new clauses or more accurate information to the provision as well as to remove them It is important to remember that not every amendment has to be adopted. Like working papers, amendments shall pass the Expert’s check, be presented to the Committee and voted on.
After consideration of all amendments, the final vote on the Resolution is carried out. The resolution is adopted by a simple majority vote.
In conclusion, we would like to give you advice: do not be afraid to take part in the process of writing working paper and amendments. You can discuss, suggest ideas and solutions, argue. Remember that everyone's opinion is significant, and this work can be a great experience for you.